Some power stations use natural gas in a gas turbine. Maps by energy source and topic, includes forecast maps. Reinjecting unmarketable natural gas can help to maintain pressure in oil wells to improve oil production. Reports requested by congress or otherwise deemed important. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Regional energy information including dashboards, maps, data, and analyses. Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. The United States used about 31 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of natural gas in 2019, the equivalent of 32 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) and 32% of U.S. total primary energy consumption. A type of natural gas found in coal deposits is called coalbed methane. Natural gas withdrawn from natural gas or crude oil wells is called wet natural gas because, along with methane, it usually contains NGL—ethane, propane, butanes, and pentanes—and water vapor. Natural gas is used throughout the United States, but five states accounted for about 38% of total U.S. natural gas consumption in 2019. Natural gas is an efficient source of energy for irrigation systems that water large areas of farmland. State energy information, including overviews, rankings, data, and analyses. Natural gas is also often used in dehumidification and on-site power generation. Hydrogen has many applications: it is a primary feedstock for the chemical industry, a hydrogenating agent, an important commodity for oil refineries, and the fuel source in hydrogen vehicles. Tools to customize searches, view specific data sets, study detailed documentation, and access time-series data. The transportation sector uses natural gas as a fuel to operate compressors that move natural gas through pipelines and as a vehicle fuel in the form of compressed natural gas and liquefied natural gas. Forms EIA uses to collect energy data including descriptions, links to survey instructions, and additional information. Natural gas is also used for petrochemicals, which are incorporated in plastics, fertilizers, synthetic fibers, cosmetics and medicines. The price of natural gas is constantly in flux, and it not only varies over time, it also varies by geography. Come test out some of the products still in development and let us know what you think! The search for natural gas begins with geologists who study the structure and processes of the earth. EIA's free and open data available as API, Excel add-in, bulk files, and widgets. In 2019, the residential sector accounted for about 16% of total U.S. natural gas consumption, and natural gas was the source of about 24% of the U.S. residential sector's total energy consumption. Natural gas is a type of fossil fuel which can be used as a source for cooking, heating, and generating electricity. Natural gas was the source of about 3% of the U.S. transportation sector's total energy consumption in 2019, of which 95% was for natural gas pipeline and distribution operations. Natural gas can be used to produce hydrogen, with one common method being the hydrogen reformer. Petroleum and natural gas are fossil fuels. Natural gas is used in some farm equipment as a power source. Mercaptan is a harmless chemical that smells like rotten eggs. Endless hot water, high-efficiency heating and cooking indoors and outdoors are just some of the benefits of natural gas. And, you’ll never pay for more than what you use with natural gas because there isn’t any fuel stored in a … A BTU, or British Thermal Unit, is the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit. However, it is also used in a variety of processes such as waste treatment, food processing, and refining metals, stone, clay, and petroleum. Natural Gas In Your Home Discover the Many Possibilities of Natural Gas In the Home. The natural gas found in these types of formations is sometimes called conventional natural gas. Over time, these layers were buried under sand, silt, and rock. All natural gas plants use a gas turbine; natural gas is added, along with a stream of air, which combusts and expands through this turbine causing a generator to spin a magnet, making electricity. They typically require lower operating costs than electric AC units and eventually pay for themselves in energy savings. Nearly all vehicles that use natural gas as a fuel are in government and private vehicle fleets. The many uses for natural gas have increased its use as a fuel source domestically and around the world. Applications for NGLs can vary widely and … Where do hydrocarbon gas liquids come from? Does EIA publish shale gas and coalbed methane production and reserves data? Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, manufacturing, and transportation. Some wellhead natural gas is sufficiently dry and satisfies pipeline transportation standards without processing. By 2040, total energy demand is expected to increase by nearly 30 percent worldwide. Reserves, production, prices, employment and productivity, distribution, stocks, imports and exports. Natural gas liquids are components of natural gas that are separated from the gas state in the form of liquids. Maps, tools, and resources related to energy disruptions and infrastructure. We use natural gas as a fuel and to make materials and chemicals. It’s versatile, running appliances like clothes dryers, hot water heaters, stoves and ovens. Natural gas is an ingredient used to make fertilizer, antifreeze, plastics, pharmaceuticals and fabrics. 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